Focus Session C:



David T. Smith

Environmental Liability Unit Manager, Environmental Protection Agency, Ireland

David T. Smith

David Smith is a Chartered Chemist of the Royal Society of Chemistry and has worked for the Environmental Protection Agency in Ireland for the last 18 years.  Over the last five years he has been the Irish national expert at the European Commission on the Environmental Liability Directive and has managed the first assessments of environmental liability damage cases in Ireland and other projects including liaison with industry, development of national guidance, research programs and the administration of remediation strategies in Ireland since the transposition of this Directive into Irish law.  He also manages the EPA Freedom of Information responsibilities for the Office of Environmental Enforcement within the EPA and co-ordinates the Irish National environmental complaints service for the public.

Previously, he has worked for British Gas in the United Kingdom with responsibility for natural gas quality field trials in Europe and Asia and was a technical expert on gas quality at the International Standards Organisation (ISO).

David is a graduate of Liverpool and Loughborough Universities in the United Kingdom and holds a Diploma in Environmental Law and Planning from the Law Society of Ireland.


Nicholas W. Gard, ph.d.

Managing Scientist, Exponent

Nicholas W. Gard, PH.D.

Dr. Nicholas Gard is a managing scientist at Exponent, Inc. He has more than 25 years of experience in ecology, environmental toxicology, and wildlife biology. He has managed or conducted natural resource damage assessments (NRDA), ecological risk assessments (ERA), site reconnaissance visits, environmental impact assessments, and habitat evaluations in a variety of terrestrial, wetland, estuarine, and marine ecosystems both in the United States and internationally. Dr. Gard has evaluated environmental effects for a number of industrial activities, including manufacturing facilities, mines, smelters, pulp and paper mills, refineries, pipelines, and agro-chemical operations. He has considerable experience evaluating ecotoxicological effects of PCBs, dioxins, heavy metals, including mercury and lead, and pesticides. Dr. Gard is experienced in quantifying risks and damages to ecological systems from a wide range of chemical and environmental stressors, and in identifying suitable mitigation approaches or ecological restoration opportunities to compensate for those impacts.

Dr. Gard has used many field and laboratory ecological and toxicological techniques as part of the site assessments and ecological investigations he has performed, often relying on multi-disciplinary approaches to address complex issues. He has experience in the use of population modeling techniques to assess risks to aquatic and terrestrial wildlife, including threatened and endangered species. Additionally, he has used innovative methods in delineating baseline conditions, quantifying reductions in ecological services, and scaling compensatory restoration alternatives using habitat and resource equivalency approaches (HEA/REA). He has designed sampling and analysis protocols, site-specific toxicity evaluations, wildlife surveys, and monitoring programs for many of the projects on which he has worked.

Dr. Gard is one of the contributing authors of The EU Environmental Liability Directive: A Commentary (Bergkamp, Lucas and Goldsmith, Barbara, co-editors). 

Dr. Gard holds a Ph.D. in Environmental Toxicology from Clemson University, a M.Sc. in Wildlife Ecology from McGill University, and a B.Sc. in Wildlife Biology from University of Guelph (with honors).

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isabel artime

Counselor, Office of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Embassy of Spain

Isabel Artime

Dr. Isabel Artime is a Senior Civil Servant Administrator for the Spanish Administration. She was appointed as Counselor of Agriculture, Food and Environment at the Embassy of Spain in Washington to the United States and to Canada in September 2012. 

Since joining the Civil Service she has held several posts in the Ministries of Labour and Social Affairs, Science and Technology, Economy, Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, and the Environment, Rural and Marine Affairs. From 2002 until 2012, she was Member of the Board of Directors of Tragsa, Spanish public holding that has been working for more than 30 years with the Public Administrations in order to promote the sustainable development of the rural and marine environments, with environmentally friendly projects. 

She began her career in the legal field in 1995 as Regulatory Technical Advisor in the General Counsel of Legislation of the Technical Secretariat of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. In 2000, she served as Deputy General Director for Economic Legal Affairs at the Ministry of Economy. In 2002 she was appointed as Assistant Director General for Legal Affairs of the Sea and Marine Environment in the General Secretariat of the Sea, at the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment and continued serving in this post until her appointment as a Counselor at the Embassy. 

She has taught several courses and seminars on fishery regulations, illegal fishing, sanction regimes, common fishery policies, and other matters in the Ministry of Environment and Marine Affairs, in the Ministry of Agriculture and in the INAP and the European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA), Maastricht, and in the Master in International Fisheries Economy at the University of Barcelona, among others. She is co-author in the book Twenty-five years impact of the European law in the Spanish legal system, Madrid 2010. 

She has participated in international legal cooperation in fisheries issues in Canada and Croatia, as well as cooperation in Programs of the European Union for the legal transposition of aspiring countries to the EU. 

Dr. Artime’s credentials include a Master’s degree in Law from the University of Oviedo in June 1989; Senior Civil Service Administrator since January 1992; Master in Public Administration from the National Institute of Public Administration (INAP), Madrid; and Master in Law of the European Union from the European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA), Maastricht, in July 1992. 


Nicky Cariglia

Technical Adviser, International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation

Nicky Cariglia

Nicky Cariglia joined ITOPF as a technical adviser in October 2012. She has a degree in Marine Biology and a Master’s degree in Tropical Coastal Management with research experience in coral reef fisheries. Following her Masters, Ms. Cariglia spent a year working on a World Bank, with an aim to strengthen an existing national coral reef monitoring programme to meet various environmental management policy objectives. Prior to joining ITOPF, Ms. Cariglia worked as a fisheries consultant, working on various projects for clients such as the EU, UN organisations, as well as various NGOs and private entities.

Ms. Cariglia has attended on site at a range of incidents worldwide. In some cases, her technical advisory role has required high-level discussions on high profile cases, limited to the command centre. However, in most cases, her role has been in the field, providing active advice on clean-up techniques, potential fisheries impacts, as well as post spill environmental monitoring.

When not on site, Ms. Cariglia sits on ITOPF’s internal environment, oiled wildlife and fisheries working groups. She has participated in numerous oil spill exercises and drills, inter-governmental workshops and conferences around the World. 

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Diana lane

Principal, Abt Associates

Dr. Diana Lane is currently a principal at Abt Associates, where she leads the restoration planning practice. She has more than 15 years of experience in natural resource damage assessment, restoration ecology and planning, and the evaluation and monitoring of environmental projects. She has expertise in designing and applying innovative equivalency analyses to quantify natural resource injuries and determine the amount of restoration required to compensate for injuries. 

Dr. Lane has contributed to the development of guidance, case studies, and training materials for the European Union Environmental Liability Directive. 

Dr. Lane holds a Ph.D. in Ecology from the University of Illinois at Chicago, an M.S. in Rangeland Ecosystem Science from Colorado State University, and a B.A. in Biology from Harvard University.